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Corynebacterium glutamicum
Corynebacterium glutamicum
Image source: http://www.dbu.de/presse/img/271234301-Corynebacterium_Titel%20Hanna-%20gro%DF.png

Species
Corynebacterium glutamicum

Kingdom
Bacteria

Taxonomy
Bacteria; Actinobacteria; Actinobacteria (class); Actinobacteridae; Actinomycetales; Corynebacterineae; Corynebacteriaceae; Corynebacterium; Corynebacterium glutamicum

Strains
ATCC 13032

Gram Stain
Positive

Accession Numbers
ATCC 13032:
NC_003450

Genome
ATCC 13032:
Chromosome: 3,309,401 bp

Background
Coryneform bacteria are rod-shaped, fast growing, non-sporulating Gram-positive bacteria that enjoy widespread distribution. One of the non-pathogenic species of coryneform bacteria, Corynebacterium glutamicum, was discovered in the 1950s in Japan as natural producer of glutamic acid. It is now produced by direct fermentation used for industrial production of amino acids which are used as flavour enhancers in food.

Corynebacterium glutamicum is of high industrial interest as a research object because it is used by the chemical industry for the biotechnological production of the amino acid lysine. The substance is employed as a source of protein in animal nutrition. Lysine is one of the essential amino acids in animal nutrition. Biotechnologically produced lysine is added to feed concentrates as a source of protein, and is an alternative to soybeans or meat and bonemeal. In 2000, more than 450,000 metric tons of lysine were sold worldwide, representing a value of about 660 million Euros.

(From http://www.ebi.ac.uk/2can/genomes/bacteria.html)


Sequenced By
ATCC 13032:
Institut fur Genomforschung, Universitat Bielefeld, Universitatsstrasse 25, D-33615 Bielefeld, Germany. joern.kalinowski@genetik.uni-bielefeld.de

Sequence Publications
ATCC 13032:
Kalinowski J, Bathe B, Bartels D, Bischoff N, Bott M, Burkovski A, Dusch N, Eggeling L, Eikmanns BJ, Gaigalat L, Goesmann A, Hartmann M, Huthmacher K, Kramer R, Linke B, McHardy AC, Meyer F, Mockel B, Pfefferle W, Puhler A, Rey DA, Ruckert C, Rupp O, Sahm H, Wendisch VF, Wiegrabe I, Tauch A., Journal of biotechnology 104(1-3):5-25 (2003 Sep 4).


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